What is Sustainable Tourism?
Sustainable Tourism is the commitment to make a low impact on the environment and local culture, seeking to generate income and employment for the local population involved. The tourist activity must be exercised in a responsible manner, guaranteeing respect for the cultural, environmental and social environment of the regions.
The application of Sustainable Tourism allows to generate a positive exchange with the community, allowing the visitor to enjoy tourist experiences in a fair and equitable way, having a participatory attitude in the improvement of the environment.
As an instrument of personal and collective development, Sustainable Tourism guarantees the sustainability of the local sphere, in addition to contributing to the use and enrichment of cultural and social heritage.
The tourism industry in each country must be respectful of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourismor, to perform any type of operation. These actions also lead to generate Sustainable Tourism processes.
Successful implementation of Sustainable Tourism plans.
To achieve success in the implementation of Sustainable Tourism plans, the traveler must be taught that he will reach a different environment that he must respect and preserve. In addition, there are criminal offenses such as wildlife trafficking, sexual exploitation and trafficking of illegal substances; and these must be punished by governments, even when the one who incurs in this behavior is a tourist.
Countries like Botswana in Africa, Chile in Latin America, Holland in Europe, China in Asia and Canada in North America, have achieved success stories in the productivity of Sustainable Tourism, being an example for other nations.
One in 7 people travel.
This number of travelers is a positive event for local economies, but it could have irreversible consequences on the environment. Therefore, Sustainable Tourism seeks to minimize this impact and conserve the environment for future generations.
According to the World Tourism Organization, the industry is responsible for 5% of CO2 emissions. Therefore, efforts should be made to carry out activities that do not greatly contaminate environments and ecosystems. In short, one of the main objectives of Sustainable Tourism is an industry in harmony with the planet.
Sustainable Tourism obliges operators to warn about local health problems and aims to make tourists aware of the different protection alternatives in the places they visit. This is how travelers are required vaccines, and they are even warned about the consumption of food or water that could be contaminated.
2017, the year of Sustainable Tourism.
The United Nations World Organization, UN, declared 2017 as the year of Sustainable Tourism. This in order to guarantee the kindness of the development of the industry with the environment and the cultures where it is practiced. This decision was based on the increase in tourist traffic in all countries of the world, to the point of assuming that in 2030 there will be 1800 million travelers traveling around the world.
Several organizations scale the destinations in a way that prevails the places that exercise Sustainable Tourism and thus contribute to the development of the local economy, generating social and cultural capital for their regions.
Sustainable Tourism Actions for Operators.
- Transport large groups in hybrid or electric vehicles.
- Encourage long-term vacations, this reduces the constant air flow by the same CO2 emissions. Direct flights.
- Encourage travel by companies that practice environmental social responsibility campaigns.
- Exercise strategies for the traveler to respect local customs and learn from them.
- Do not use paper for the issuance of vouchers or tickets and take advantage of the digital age. Avoid publishing information that involves printing on paper.
- Accommodation companies must recycle, use solar energy and reuse rainwater. Avoid installing or using air conditioners.
- Encourage travel with companies that belong to the International Ecotourism Society.
- Pack the souvenirs in paper bags.
Recommendations to practice Sustainable Tourism on your trip.
- Take short showers.
- Use a single towel in your hotel stay.
- Avoid going to hotels that are not eco-friendly.
- Avoid the use of air conditioners.
- Do not light fires.
- Do not intervene or steal archaeological remains.
- Collect the garbage.
- Load refillable thermoses for liquids and avoid discarding plastic bottled water packages. If this is the case, boil the water and deposit it in these containers.
- Staying in hotels that are eco-friendly.