Tips and recommendations to make your hike in High Mountain
If these days you are planning to make a high mountain hike as the ascent to Los Nevados National Natural Park, or the El Cocuy National Natural Park; And you really do not have much experience in this, this article is for you, because here we will give you the information you need so that you prepare very well to make an ascent to more than 3000 masl.
In these high mountain treks you should keep in mind that the air contains much less oxygen than at lower heights, so you should prepare very well with the right equipment and following the recommendations to have an excellent experience and achieve the goal.
Train in advance
You must take into account your physical state; whether or not you are reasonably fit; if your physical condition is good you will only need a couple of weeks; but if you are not fit you must allocate at least three months before doing the high mountain hike para poder cumplir con tu objetivo final.
Las actividades que puedes realizar para acondicionarte son: salir a trotar, montar bicicleta, hacer natación; o cualquier actividad que fortalezca tu capacidad cardiovascular. Adicionalmente te recomendamos subir escaleras, esto te ayudará a fortalecer los músculos de tus piernas.
Equipment for the Walk
It is necessary that you carry little equipment, as small as possible, since the high mountain hike It can be complex, and your briefcase could become the biggest annoyance of all; So avoid overdoing it. Tea we recommend also wear change clothes, long pants, a long-sleeved shirt, a hat and a pair of gloves; these are vital since at that height the temperatures are too low.
Don't forget the sunscreen and your sunglasses; Sun rays are more powerful at this point; so it is also advisable to wear a hat that protects you from the cold, preferably waterproof.
Take a vitamin supplement
You can start before taking a supplement that allows you to strengthen your body and level it for this demanding activity, you can take Gingo Biloba capsules, which help improve walking performance as they stimulate circulation.
Some professional hikers They recommend taking Vitamin A, E and C, which are antioxidants that help reduce the circulation of free radicals during the walk, which improves performance and decreases muscle fatigue.
During the walk
Te recomendamos llevar algunos dulces con alto contenido calórico, ya que a grandes altitudes, tu cuerpo quemará energía con más rapidez, así que ten algunos aperitivos como frutas secas y nueces, frutas frescas, chocolates o una bolsa de papas fritas para comer como aperitivo; en climas fríos es necesario mantener el calor en el cuerpo y los dulces son una buena forma de hacerlo. Otra de las sugerencias es hidratarse bien; por lo cual deberás beber entre 2 o 3 litros de agua por día. Te sugerimos beber frecuentemente así no tengas sed o sientas que no lo necesitas.
Sometimes when we start a hike of this type we usually start with a lot of energy and go very fast; but this is counterproductive but we measure our effort in relation to the path that we must make, this is especially important if the walk starts at low altitude and increases continuously. As you walk, you will notice that you begin to get tired more easily and you may feel out of breath; For this reason it is best to go slow.
You should also control your breathing, inhaling and exhaling calmly, remember that oxygen is vital for your body performance; Therefore, you should be attentive and pay close attention to your breathing and fitness, because on a long walk, it can be easy to fall into a state where you are not paying close attention to how you feel physically.
The day before
Remember that one high mountain hike It is a very demanding activity and that is why the day before you should try not to try too hard; avoid demanding physical activities, stay relaxed and practice doing some breathing exercises.
Another fundamental thing is to feed and sleep very well; try to have all your meals rigorously, which also have a high nutritional content; As for the night, you should rest a lot, remember that the minimum is 6 or 8 hours of good rest.
We hope that with these recommendations you high mountain hike be an amazing experience; if you liked it or want to leave some recommendation You can do it in the comments.